Putra Agina Widyaswara Suwaryo
Selfa Yunita
Barkah Waladani
Aprilia Safaroni


Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation of the airways involving various mediators and interrelated inflammatory cells resulting in physiological and structural changes in the airways. Asthma treatment aims to make asthma controllable. Controllable asthma is an asymptomatic state of asthma. Breathing relaxation has many techniques including using a blowing balloon technique (inflating a balloon). The purpose of this case study is to determine the effectiveness of giving blowing balloon therapy to asthma patients with a diagnosis of ineffective breathing pattern. The method used in this research is descriptive observation method with a case study approach. The subjects in this study were 3 patients with asthma aged 13-50 years, suffering from asthma for more than 3 months, recurrence frequency 2 times/week and willing to be respondents. Therapy was carried out 5 times. The study was conducted for 2 weeks in February 2021. The results of the case study showed that the three patients gave a positive response and experienced a decrease in respiration. The average respiratory frequency of patients 21-23x/minute with complaints of reduced shortness of breath. Blowing balloon therapy to stabilize the respiratory rate of asthma patients


How to Cite
Suwaryo, P. A. W., Yunita, S., Waladani, B., & Safaroni, A. (2021). STUDI KASUS : TERAPI BLOWING BALLON UNTUK MENGURANGI SESAK NAFAS PADA PASIEN ASMA. Nursing Science Journal (NSJ), 2(2), 92 - 100.


Amoah, A. S., Forson, A. G., & Boakye, D. A. (2012). A review of epidemiological studies of asthma in Ghana. In Ghana medical journal.
Astriani, N. M. D. Y., Ariana, P. A., Dewi, P. I. S., Heri, M., & Cita, E. E. (2020). PKM: Pelatihan Relaksasi Nafas Ballon Blowing Untuk Meningkatkan Saturasi Oksigen Pada Warga Desa Bungkulan Singaraja. VIVABIO: Jurnal Pengabdian Multidisiplin, 2(2), 1.
Durham, C. O., Fowler, T., Smith, W., & Sterrett, J. (2017). Adult asthma: Diagnosis and treatment. Nurse Practitioner.
Firdaus, S., Ehwan, M. M., & Rachmadi, A. (2019). Efektivitas Pemberian Oksigen Posisi Semi Fowler Dan Fowler Terhadap Perubahan Saturasi Pada Pasien Asma Bronkial Persisten Ringan. JKEP.
Irfan Zul M, D. E. S. N. F. S. (2019). Perbandingan Latihan Napas Buteyko Dan Latihan Blowing Balloons Terhadap Perubahan Arus. Persatuan Perawat Indonesia, 3(2), 93–100.
Jorida, F., & Akshay, C. (2017). Effects of Hemibridge with Ball and Balloon Exercise on Forced Expiratory Volume and Pain in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: An Experimental Study. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences, 6(8), 47–52.
Josphine, H. (2018). Effectiveness of Balloon Blowing Exercise on Respiratory status among patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease at a Selected Private Hospital, Coimbatore. Konganadu College of Nursing.
Jun, H. ju, Lim, S. W., & Kim, K. J. (2015). Comparison of the Impact of Breathing Strengthening Exercises and Balloon Blowing Training on the Pulmonary Function of Elderly Smokers. Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research, 6(2), 878–883.
Junaidin, J., Syam, Y., & Irwan, A. M. (2019). Pengaruh Pursed Lip Breathing Dan Meniup Balon Terhadap Kekuatan Otot Pernapasan, Saturasi Oksigen Dan Respiratory Rate Pada Pasien Ppok. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan (Scientific Journal of Nursing), 5(1), 31–39.
Kizilcik, Z., Yanik, F., Unver, S., & Yildiz, U. (2021). The Effect of Balloon-Blowing Exercise on Postoperative Pulmonary Functions in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty. Orthopaedic Nursing, 40(3), 182–188.
Kowalski, M. L., Agache, I., Bavbek, S., Bakirtas, A., Blanca, M., Bochenek, G., Bonini, M., Heffler, E., Klimek, L., Laidlaw, T. M., Mullol, J., Niżankowska-Mogilnicka, E., Park, H. S., Sanak, M., Sanchez-Borges, M., Sanchez-Garcia, S., Scadding, G., Taniguchi, M., Torres, M. J., … Wardzyńska, A. (2019). Diagnosis and management of NSAID-Exacerbated Respiratory Disease (N-ERD)—a EAACI position paper. Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
Lakshmi, S., Rani, S., & Brundha, M. (2020). Blow the balloon for the ease - A cross-sectional study on wheezing patients. Drug Invention Today, 14(2), 264–267.
Mahardika, I. G. A. (2021). Pengaruh relaksasi nafas dalam dengan teknik balloon blowing terhadap peningkatan saturasi oksigen pasien dengan ppok di rs x denpasar. STIKES Bina Usada Bali.
Malarvizhi, D., & Anandakrishnan, G. (2019). Effect of Incentive Spirometry and Balloon Exercises to Improve Pulmonary Function for Type 2 Diabetes. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 10(4), 1254–1259.
Maria, I., Hasaini, A., & Agianto. (2019). The Effect of Semi Fowler Position on The Stability of Breathing among Asthma Patients at Ratu Zalecha Hospital Martapura.
Nugroho, A., Dewi, I., & Alam, A. (2018). Pengaruh Bermain Meniup Balon (Balloon Therapy) Usia 3-5 Tahun dengan Pneumonia di Rumah Sakit Tk. II Pelamonia. Bimiki, 6(2), 39–45.
Rafaqat, A., & Mushtaq, Z. (2016). Comparison between Balloon Blowing Exercise and Incentive Spirometry in Patients with Chest Intubation after Trauma. Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, s3(January).
Rahayu, A., Wahyuni, D., & Rahmawati, F. (2021). Pengaruh breathing relaxation dengan teknik balloon blowing terhadap perubahan kualitas hidup penderita penyakit paru obstruktif kronis. Universitas Sriwijaya.
Silva, I. S., Fregonezi, G. A. F., Dias, F. A. L., Ribeiro, C. T. D., Guerra, R. O., & Ferreira, G. M. H. (2013). Inspiratory muscle training for asthma. In Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Siracusa, A., De Blay, F., Folletti, I., Moscato, G., Olivieri, M., Quirce, S., Raulf-Heimsoth, M., Sastre, J., Tarlo, S. M., Walusiak-Skorupa, J., & Zock, J. P. (2013). Asthma and exposure to cleaning products - A European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology task force consensus statement. In Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
Sreedevi, R. K. (2016). Balloon blowing on respiratory parameters among children with lower respiratory tract infection in selected hospitals, Kanyakumari district. The Journal of Nursing Trendz, 7(3), 18–22.
Suharno, M. D., Sudiana, I. K., K, N. D., & Bakar, A. (2020). The Effectiveness of Ballon Blowing Exercise on Increasing Expiratory Forced Volume Value in 1 Second ( FEV1 ) and Oxygen Saturation among COPD patients. International Journal of Nursing and Health Services (IJNHS), 3(4), 513–519.
Tunik, Rahayu, N., & Edi, Y. (2020). Pengaruh Breathing Relaxation Dengan Teknik Balloon Blowing Terhadap Saturasi Oksigen Pasien PPOK Anxiety , Depression and Coping Mechanism of Nursing During the Times of Covid-19 Pandemic In Trenggalek. 9(2), 193–199.
WHO, Daroham, N. E. P., Mutiatikum, Lubis, I., S, M., W, M., Y, D., R, N., Ikeu Nurhidayah, S.Kep., N., Trisnawati, Y., Purwokerto, K. K. A. K. Y., Franz Baehr M., Rengganis, I., & Organizatin, W. H. (2008). Infeksi saluran penapasan akut (ISPA) yang cenderung menjadi epidemi dan pandemi. Pedoman Interim WHO.